Some important facts about recycling plastic and the problems associated with it
Look around you and you will see that there is some amount of plastic in each and every thing that is around you. Plastic is one of the most important things that people use in their daily lives. Even from the kitchen utensils to ready made furniture, you can find plastic everywhere. But, some of these plastic specimens can easily be recyclable and people can mould these plastics for their industrial uses. We cannot recycle some plastics in this way and in this case, we need to do some chemical recycling process to dispose these plastics. Otherwise these plastics cannot be disposed easily and they will contaminate the soil and spread some germs in our organic foods.
Everything is good about plastic until it comes to the time when you get to know real life facts about recycling plastic where things are not so very easy and simple. The main problem with plastic is that it is Non-Biodegradable which means that it cannot degrade naturally and hence the result is that it contaminates the surface and they can pollute the underground water level and soil too. In this case, we can recycle these plastics with some basic hydrocarbon fuel and we can use them as a source of energy.
How would you deal with plastic waste problem?
Here in this article we will be discussing in detail 5 different aspects of Plastic waste that people have to deal with these days and they are as follows:
- Plastic waste problem
- Plastic water pollution
- Pollution caused by plastic bags
- Polymer waste
- Post-consumer Plastic waste
So these are the broad classifications of Plastic waste that people usually have to deal with these days. So let’s get into the core of the matter and understand what these aspects are and also know the methods to deal with them.
Plastic Waste Management Strategy:
- Prevention of plastic waste generation by eliminating use of plastic whenever possible.
- Minimization of plastic waste generation: for example, by reducing the thicknesses of water bottles and carry bags.
- Reuse of plastic for example, by reuse of plastic bags and containers.
- Recycling for example, by pyrolysis or granules manufacturing.
- Energy recovery by conversion of waste plastic into fuels and electricity through pyrolysis.
- Disposal of plastic waste by processing plastic waste into fuel in Pyrolysis Plants.
What is Plastic waste problem and how to deal with it?
You may think that crushing a plastic bottle and throwing it in the disposal bins is enough as you know that there is someone who will come and take off bottle along with the other garbage and dispose it easily. But then this is where Plastic waste problem begins as plastic cannot be disposed off so easily.
Plastic has its own chemical composition because of which it is totally Non-Biodegradable and it is exposed to atmosphere along with other garbage it can spread some toxic chemical in the air too. Millions of electronic devices are disposed off each and every single day in huge garbage disposal areas and even water bodies are also get affected by these non-biodegradable plastics and its chemical reactions. This can also be a home for harmful insects and bacteria that are potentially lethal for human health.
When it comes to the facts about recycling plastic the most important thing here is to segregate plastic waste from the other waste so that you can easily recycle these plastics with some chemical processes and reuse them as fuel. All people have to do is put all their plastic waste in a separate bag. Afterward, waste removal services will collect these plastics and send them for recycling because if you mix these plastic elements with normal garbage then waste removal services cannot segregate them easily, and they will mix up with soil and water bodies in future.
How to deal with Plastic water pollution
Plastic water pollution is yet another major issue that the world is facing these days as tones of plastic bags as well as plastic materials are directly being disposed off into water bodies directly by companies and manufacturing units situated around them. You must have seen a lot of documentaries about how contaminated water all around the globe is killing aquatic life but even then people do not procure any scientific process to deal with the Plastic waste problem. Even we have seen that normal people also dispose their plastic garbage in their nearest water body and these plastics pollute the water very quickly.
It’s not just that manufacturing units that are doing this but then there are other private garbage disposal agencies that are doing this as well as they have steamers on which they load all the garbage and then go deep into the sea and dispose the waste directly into the water body which later on causes water pollution and kills aquatic life.
In order to stop Plastic water pollution the first step that the governments have to take is to keep an eye on the manufacturing agencies as well as the associated agencies that are engaged with these plastic disposal treatments and the government should impose a massive fine to these agencies for polluting the water bodies and environment. Apart from that, the government and not-profit organizations should start some campaigns on these problems and they should start some awareness camps to educate people. If people understand the adverse effects of the water pollutions caused by non-biodegradable plastics then they will stop throwing their plastic garbage in the water bodies and they will also spread this news to others.
Pollution caused by plastic bags and its effects
Plastic bags may look very beautiful and cost effective, but they are dangerous for environment because most of these plastic bags are made with non-biodegradable plastics and they cannot get disposed easily.. The first reason of disappointment here is Pollution caused by plastic bags which has long lasting effects on each and everything around it. Plastic bags may look extremely thin and can be torn off easily but when it comes to decomposing it takes a temperature above 250 degrees for plastic to decompose fully.
There is no place on earth that has such high temperatures hence the only way for decomposing plastic and reducing Plastic water pollution is by taking it to recycle units where it will be treated properly with chemicals, and fuel produced from it when it reaches the temperature of around 500 degrees. This whole process can only be performed in a very controlled atmosphere under expert supervision as there are a lot of dangers associated with the manufacture of fuel using plastic.
When it comes to reducing the usage of plastic bags and people can easily replace these plastic bags with paper bags. Paper can easily be reused and recycled hence this would be a really good method to reduce the usage of plastic bags as well as save the earth from them is Pollution caused by plastic bags slowly and steadily.
Methods and ways of recycling polymer waste
Polymer waste is actually comprises of plastic bottles and caps as well as all the plastic jars and containers that are used in storing things at home. They have a certain age after which it is better to dispose them as fast as possible. The best thing about this type of plastic waste is that it is easily recyclable with proper treatment.
What actually happens here is that plastic bottles and containers are separated and packed in bags and sent to recycling units where these polymer bottles will be crushed in a mechanical crushers and then people will use some chemical to dispose them completely. After which it is heated in a furnace up to a temperature of 200-300 degrees where it breaks down and then is refined thoroughly and then it is cooled down and made into small granules. Once the whole thing cools down it is ready to be used to manufacture more plastic bottles and containers. This is a proper recycling process of these polymer plastics.
What happens to Post-consumer Plastic waste?
The term Post-consumer Plastic waste simply means the whole process of recycling and reusing plastic. As you read above that plastic can be recycled into small granules and sent to manufacturing units so that new plastic things can be made. Then there is this method as well where plastic can be heated and fuel can be made using useless plastic bags and other materials.
Make sure that you use less of plastic bags and when you are taking a plastic bag make sure that it has been manufactured using permissible methods wherein the plastic can be recycled and reused for different purposes.
So now you know in detail about Post-consumer Plastic waste, Polymer waste, Pollution caused by plastic bags, Plastic water pollution and Plastic waste problem in detail and you also know how to reduce the pollution’s caused by these plastics Using plastic is not wrong as it is one of the most important findings that has helped humans a lot, but we should know the adverse effects of these plastics and we should recycle them in a proper way. Now you can find many plastic recycle unites available in the market that can recycle any kind of plastics by chemical and physical recycling process. So we should contact with them and recycle our plastics through some scientific ways. Through these recycling processes, we can reuse these plastics and we can also convert them into fuel.